C# 之 EXCEL导入导出

说明:以下方法借助第三方插件:NPOI专门处理EXCEL等办公文档的类库,因此项目中需引用该插件,NuGet–所有NPOI即可安装。

A-2–EXCEL数据导出–WebAPI项目–NPOI–接口导出:

 

以下方式是本人总结的一些经验,肯定有很多种方法,在此先记下,留待以后补充…

/// <summary>
        /// 班车数据导出成EXCEL
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="conferenceID"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [HttpGet]
        public HttpResponseMessage ExportExcelDataForBusRoute(string conferenceID)
        {
            HttpResponseMessage result = new HttpResponseMessage();
            ControllerHelp.RunAction(() =>
            {
                BusRouteModelCollection busColl = BusRouteModelAdapter.Instance.Load(m => m.AppendItem("ConferenceID", conferenceID));
                //如果想要某个单元格内容显示多列,在内容中加入: "\n"  换行字符
                Dictionary<string, string> dicColl = new Dictionary<string, string>() {
                    {"路线标题","Title" },
                    {"发车时间","DepartDate" },
                    {"出发地","BeginPlace" },
                    {"对接人","ContactsName" },
                    {"对接人电话","ContactsPhone" }
                };
                result = ExcelHelp<BusRouteModel, BusRouteModelCollection>.ExportExcelData(dicColl, busColl, "BusRoute");
            });
            return result;
        }

说明:以下方法借助第三方插件:NPOI专门处理EXCEL等办公文档的类库,因此项目中需引用该插件,NuGet–所有NPOI即可安装。

在编写本博客时,查阅了下面帮助博客:导入excel错误:外部表不是预期的格式
解决方案

非常简单,将EXCEL模板上传到项目中后,将其浏览URL保存下来(excelUrl),然后:

window.location.href="http://localhost:10086/yuanxin/Resources/BusRoute.xlsx"  //EXCEL浏览路径

A-1:EXCEL模板导出

 

/// <summary>
    /// EXCEL帮助类
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T">泛型类</typeparam>
    /// <typeparam name="TCollection">泛型类集合</typeparam>
    public class ExcelHelp<T, TCollection> where T : new() where TCollection : List<T>, new()
    {
        //http请求Request对象
        public static HttpRequest baseRequest = HttpContext.Current.Request;
        //http请求Response对象
        public static HttpResponse baseResponse = HttpContext.Current.Response;/// <summary>
        /// 将数据导出EXCEL
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="columnNameAndShowNameDic">列名+显示名</param>
        /// <param name="tColl">数据集(tColl里的类属性名必须和字典中的列名一致)</param>
        public static void ExportExcelData(Dictionary<string, string> columnNameAndShowNameDic, TCollection tColl)
        {
            WorkBook workbook = WorkBook.CreateNew();
            WorkSheet worksheet = workbook.Sheets["sheet1"];

            List<string> columnNameList = columnNameAndShowNameDic.Keys.ToList();
            List<string> showNameList = columnNameAndShowNameDic.Values.ToList();
            //暂定26行
            string[] zm = new string[] { "A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G", "H", "I", "J", "K", "L", "M", "N", "O", "P", "Q", "R", "S", "T", "U", "V", "W", "X", "Y", "Z" };
            //设置首列显示
            for (var i = 0; i < columnNameList.Count; i++)
            {
                worksheet.Cells[zm[i] + "1"].Value = showNameList[i];
                //加粗
                worksheet.Cells[zm[i] + "1"].Style.Font.Bold = true;
            }
            for (int i = 0; i < tColl.Count; i++)
            {
                for (int j = 0; j < columnNameList.Count; j++)
                {
                    worksheet.Cells[zm[j] + (i + 2)].Value = getPropertyValue(tColl[i], columnNameList[j]);
                }
            }
            byte[] buffer = workbook.SaveAsBytes();
            baseResponse.Clear();
            baseResponse.Buffer = true;
            baseResponse.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;
            //baseResponse.ContentType = "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet";
            baseResponse.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel";
            //设置导出文件名
            baseResponse.AddHeader("content-disposition", "attachment;  filename=" + "MaintainReport" + ".xlsx");
            baseResponse.AddHeader("Content-Length", buffer.Length.ToString());

            baseResponse.BinaryWrite(buffer);
            baseResponse.Flush();
            baseResponse.End();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取属性值
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="t">T对象实例</param>
        /// <param name="propertyName">属性名</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string getPropertyValue(T t, string propertyName)
        {
            PropertyInfo info = t.GetType().GetProperty(propertyName);
            //获取属性值转换暂设置如下字段,可根据实际情况添加
            if (info.PropertyType == typeof(DateTime))
            {
                return Convert.ToDateTime(info.GetValue(t)).ToString("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm");
            }
            return info.GetValue(t).ToString();
        }
    }

希望朋友们一起来探讨相关想法,请在下方留言.

 

 

NPOI百度百科

NPOI百度百科

B-2–EXCEL数据导入–NPOI–C#获取数据:

B-1:EXCEL数据导入–C#获取数据:

备注:   使用C#创建EXCEL,暂未研究,以后有空再做补充。   

 

或者使用<a href=”excelUrl”></a>都行。

 

 

public HSSFWorkbook GetExcelDataByNPOI(string fileFormName)
        {
            HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

            //获取Post提交的EXCEL文件
            HttpPostedFile postFile = baseRequest.Files[fileFormName];
            string uploadFileName = postFile.FileName;
            //设置Excel临时保存路径(路径可修改,可作为参数传入)
            string path = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/Resources/" + uploadFileName);
            postFile.SaveAs(path);
            System.IO.File.Delete(path);

            //文件流
            using (Stream stream = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
            {
                workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(stream);

                ISheet sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);
                //Execel第一行是标题,不是要导入数据库的数据
                //for (int i = 1; i <= sheet.LastRowNum; i++)
                //{
                //    IRow row = sheet.GetRow(i);

                //    //获取行的文本内容
                //    string UserName = row.GetCell(0).StringCellValue;
                //    //获取行的时间内容
                //    DateTime time = row.GetCell(4).DateCellValue;
                //    //获取行的数字内容
                //    double num = row.GetCell(3).NumericCellValue;
                //    //获取行的bool内容
                //    bool b = row.GetCell(3).BooleanCellValue;
                //}
            }
            return workbook;
        }
        #endregion
public class ExcelHelp
    {
        //获取http请求Request对象
        public static HttpRequest baseRequest = HttpContext.Current.Request;
        //获取http请求Response对象
        public static HttpResponse baseResponse = HttpContext.Current.Response;
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取Post请求EXCEL文件数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="fileFormName">EXCEL的表单名称</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static DataTable GetExcelData(string fileFormName)
        {
            //获取Post请求--表单文件的文件名
            string uploadFileName = baseRequest.Files[fileFormName].FileName;
            //上传文件到指定目录(项目根目录/Resources/uploadFileName)--可根据项目文件目录进行调整
            string path = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/Resources/" + uploadFileName);
            baseRequest.Files[fileFormName].SaveAs(path);

            DataTable dataTable = new DataTable();
            DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();
            //解析文件数据,并存入服务器
            //备注: "HDR=yes;"是说Excel文件的第一行是列名而不是数据,"HDR=No;"正好与前面的相反。
            //"IMEX=1 "如果列中的数据类型不一致,使用"IMEX=1"可必免数据类型冲突。 
            string strConn = string.Format("Provider = Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0; Data Source = {0}; Extended Properties = 'Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1';", path);
            OleDbDataAdapter oada = new OleDbDataAdapter("select * from [Sheet1$]", strConn);
            oada.Fill(dataSet);

            if (dataSet.Tables.Count > 0)
            {
                dataTable = dataSet.Tables[0];
            }
            if (System.IO.File.Exists(path))
            {
                //如果存在则删除
                System.IO.File.Delete(path);
            }
            return dataTable;
        }
    }

 

     /// <summary>
        /// 得到excel文件流
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private MemoryStream ExcelStream(Dictionary<string, string> displayAndColumnName, TCollection tlist)
        {
            //var list = dc.v_bs_dj_bbcdd1.Where(eps).ToList();
            HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

            ISheet sheet1 = workbook.CreateSheet("Sheet1");

            //1-创建首行
            IRow headRow = sheet1.CreateRow(0);
            //1.1-设置首行样式
            IFont font = workbook.CreateFont();
            font.Boldweight = (short)FontBoldWeight.Bold;   //字体加粗
            ICellStyle headCellStyle = workbook.CreateCellStyle();
            headCellStyle.SetFont(font);
            headCellStyle.Alignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;  //字体居中

            List<string> displayNameList = displayAndColumnName.Keys.ToList();
            //1.2-设置首行标题
            for (var i = 0; i < displayAndColumnName.Keys.Count; i++)
            {
                ICell cell = headRow.CreateCell(i);
                cell.SetCellValue(displayNameList[i].ToString());
                cell.CellStyle = headCellStyle;
            }
            //2-设置内容列
            List<string> columnNameList = displayAndColumnName.Values.ToList();
            //2.1-内容行样式
            ICellStyle contentCellStyle = workbook.CreateCellStyle();
            contentCellStyle.Alignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;  //字体居中
            contentCellStyle.WrapText = true;  //自动换行
            for (var i = 0; i < tlist.Count; i++)
            {
                IRow row = sheet1.CreateRow(i + 1);
                //设置内容
                for (var j = 0; j < columnNameList.Count; j++)
                {
                    ICell cell = row.CreateCell(j);
                    cell.SetCellValue(getPropertyValue(tlist[i], columnNameList[j]));
                    cell.CellStyle = contentCellStyle;
                }
            }
        //3-自动列宽-根据内容长度自动展开
            for (int i = 0; i < displayNameList.Count; i++)
            {
                sheet1.AutoSizeColumn(i);
            }

            MemoryStream file = new MemoryStream();
            workbook.Write(file);
            //这句代码非常重要,如果不加,会报:打开的EXCEL格式与扩展名指定的格式不一致
            file.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);

            return file;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 导出excel功能控制器
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public HttpResponseMessage ExportExcelDataForWebAPI(Dictionary<string, string> displayAndColumnName, TCollection tlist,string exportFileName)
        {
            var file = ExcelStream(displayAndColumnName, tlist);
            HttpResponseMessage result = new HttpResponseMessage(HttpStatusCode.OK);
            result.Content = new StreamContent(file);
            result.Content.Headers.ContentType = new MediaTypeHeaderValue("application/vnd.ms-excel");
            result.Content.Headers.ContentDisposition = new ContentDispositionHeaderValue("attachment");
            result.Content.Headers.ContentDisposition.FileName = exportFileName+".xls";
            return result;
        }

A-2:EXCEL数据导出–Web项目–C#蒲京娱乐场网站,代码导出: